Nova totius Terrarum Orbis geographica ac hydrographica tabula
is a map of the world created by Hendrik Hondius in 1630, and published in Amsterdam the following year in the atlas Atlantis Maioris Appendix. It is widely regarded as being one of the finest world maps of its era. Apart from the stunning artistic quality of the map, one of its claims to fame is that it was the first widely available map to show any part of the newly-discovered land of Australia - the only previous map to do so being Hessel Gerritsz' very sketchy 1627 Caert van't Landt van d'Eendracht or "Chart of the Land of Eendracht”. [Eendrachtsland was one of the early names for Australia, in use from 1616 till 1644. It was named after the ship of the Dutch explorer Dirk Hartog.]
The world is depicted in two hemispheres, which are bordered by the representation of the four elements of fire, earth, air and water along with portraits of Julius Caesar, the 2nd Century AD geographer Claudius Ptolemy, the 16th Century cartographer Gerardus Mercator and Hondius himself.
NOTE ON THE CARTOGRAPHER: Henricus Hondius II or Hendrik Hondius the Younger (1597 – 1651) was a Dutch engraver, cartographer and publisher. Born in Amsterdam, he was the son of the famous cartographer Jodocus Hondius who had started a map-making business in the city. After his father died in 1612 Henricus continued the business with his brother-in-law and ran his own company from 1621 onwards. He is known as Hendrik Hondius the Younger because there was another famous engraver and cartographer Hendrik Hondius the Elder; the two men were unrelated.
Story Map of Ireland - 500 piece puzzle
FROM POMEGRANATE PUZZLES - MADE IN THE USA
This delightfully detailed pictorial map of Ireland was part of a series of “Story Maps” produced by Colortext Publications of Chicago in the 1930s and 1940s. The series included Story Maps of England, Scotland, France and several other European countries, with the aim of connecting Americans with their cultural heritage of their ancestors.
The Story Map of Ireland dates from 1936 and features wonderful illustrations of historic and cultural events in Ireland’s past: battles, famous people and places, discoveries, and numerous aspects of Irish life over the centuries. It includes basic geographic details such as lakes and bays, counties and towns, as well as intricate borders and title decorations adapted from the 9th Century Book of Kells and the 14th Century MacDurnan Gospels.
This puzzle is made in the USA by Pomegranate, a very well-regarded art publisher from Portland, Oregon. As you would expect the colour reproduction is excellent, and the puzzle is manufactured to a very high quality, with strong interlocking pieces made of thick cardboard. The wonderfully intricate artwork and the fascinating subject matter make this puzzle a genuine delight for both adults and children.
Dimensions: 430mm x 340mm (17.0in x 13.5in)
Suitable for age 10 – adult
€14.50 plus P&P: Ireland €6, GB/Europe €8
John Spilsbury and the first jigsaw puzzles
The world’s first commercial jigsaw puzzle was a map puzzle made in the early 1760s by a young London mapmaker named John Spilsbury (1739-1769). He mounted a map of the world onto a hardwood board and carved out the shapes of the countries to create what he called a ‘dissection’. This innovation proved highly popular and he went on to create dissected maps of England and Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Europe, Asia, Africa and North America in what turned out to be a successful business venture. Unfortunately John Spilsbury died in 1769 but his widow Sarah continued with the business, later marrying Spilsbury’s former apprentice Harry Ashby.
Dissected maps were considered to be educational tools rather than toys or pastimes until the 1820s, when subject matter other than maps had become popular. However it was not until the 1880s - over 100 years after they were invented - that these ‘dissections’ began to be known as ‘jigsaw puzzles’.
At this stage puzzles were made exclusively of wood. As a result they were very expensive, and were aimed primarily at wealthy adults rather than children. It would not be unusual to find puzzles as a pastime at upper-class parties and on weekend country retreats.
But wooden puzzles were out of reach for most ordinary working people, so at the end of the 19th century some manufacturers started producing cheaper puzzles for children made from cardboard. Jigsaws became even more accessible as the die-cut method of mass production developed in the early 20th century. As a result these cardboard puzzles became hugely popular during the Great Depression in the 1930s when a cheap puzzle provided hours of family entertainment.
Nowadays jigsaw puzzles continue to offer great value for money. For a relatively small outlay they give many hours of enjoyment and challenge whether working alone or with companions, and when you are finished with a puzzle, you can simply pass it along to family or friends so they can enjoy it as new!
Map puzzles offer all the above, plus the added benefit of learning about the world. By purchasing a map jigsaw puzzle you are also – in a very real way - making a connection back to the very first dissected maps made by John Spilsbury over 250 years ago.
A SERIES OF DISSECTED MAPS
manufactured in 1853 by MERRIAM, MOORE & CO of TROY, NY
The object of these games is to furnish an agreeable and attractive method of imparting to young people a familiarity with the geography of their own country, and of blending amusement with instruction. No parent can place a more appropriate gift in the hands of their children.
OPINIONS OF THE PRESS from 1853
You cannot teach geography in any way so effectually as by setting the pupil to construct the map from the dissected parts - Independent
Exceedingly valuable in imparting novelty and interest to a useful study - Tribune
An agreeable contrivance for blending amusement with instruction – Troy Times
In putting these maps together, which children delight to do, they will learn geography without a master, and keep quiet as mice – Home Journal
Every family should possess this series of maps that the younger members may profitably while away their leisure hours. Nothing can be more useful – Rochester Union
An ingenious device for teaching geography - Evangelist
Physic [medication] and geography were equally distasteful in our youthful days, but sugar coated pills have induced children to cry for the first, and we venture to assert that the ingenious originators of this idea have rendered the second as attractive – Yankee Blade